The Library of Congress will award the $1 million John W. Kluge Prize for lifetime intellectual achievement in the humanities and social sciences to Fernando Henrique Cardoso, who had a distinguished international career as a scholar before twice being elected president of Brazil. An official announcement will be made in Washington on Monday, with an awards ceremony there on July 10.
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Fernando Henrique Cardoso, while serving as president of Brazil in 1998.
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In a citation Mr. Cardoso, who is 80 and lives in São Paulo, is described as “a scholar of enormous intellectual energy” and praised for his “deeply original analysis of the interplay among political, economic and social processes.” The citation also notes that “throughout his life Cardoso has asked difficult questions and often defied conventional wisdom” in his wide-ranging research and writing.
“In purely scholarly and academic terms he has to be considered the outstanding political scientist in late-20th-century Latin America,” said James H. Billington, the librarian of Congress. “It’s not just that he’s the first person with a personal political career of consequence to win this award, it’s that he is also a full representative of what we call a social scientist. If you want to make an American comparison, he is like Jefferson, playing a key role in building a democracy on a scholarly foundation.”